A Homily delivered to the community at St. Vladimir's Orthodox Seminary
on Forgiveness Sunday of 1983
As once more we are about to enter the Great Lent, I would like to remind
us – myself first of all, and all of you my fathers, brothers, and sisters –
of the verse that we just sang, one of the stichera, and that verse says:
"Let us begin Lent, the Fast, with joy."
Only yesterday we were commemorating Adam crying, lamenting at the gates of
Paradise, and now every second line of the Triodion and the liturgical books
of Great Lent will speak of repentance, acknowledging what dark and helpless
lives we live, in which we sometimes are immersed. And yet, no one will
prove to me that the general tonality of Great Lent is not that of a
tremendous joy! Not what we call "joy" in this world – not just something
entertaining, interesting, or amusing – but the deepest definition of joy,
that joy of which Christ says: "no one will take away from you" (Jn. 16:22).
Why joy? What is that joy?
So many people under various influences have come to think of Lent as a kind
of self–inflicted inconvenience. Very often in Lent we hear these
conversations: "What do you give up for Lent?" – it goes from candy to, I
don’t know what. There is the idea that if we suffer enough, if we feel the
hunger enough, if we try by all kinds of strong or light ascetical tools,
mainly to "suffer" and be "tortured," so to speak, it would help us to "pay"
for our absolution. But this is not our Orthodox faith. Lent is not a
punishment. Lent is not a kind of painful medicine that helps only inasmuch
as it is painful.
LENT IS A GIFT! Lent is a gift from God to us, a gift which is admirable,
marvelous, one that we desire. Now a gift of what? I would say that it is a
gift of the essential – that which is essential and yet which suffers most
in our life because we are living lives of confusion and fragmentation,
lives which constantly conceal from us the eternal, the glorious, the divine
meaning of life and take away from us that which should "push" and, thus,
correct and fill our life with joy. And this essential is thanksgiving: the
acceptance from God of that wonderful life, as St. Peter says, "...created
out of nothing...," created exclusively by the love of God, for there is no
other reason for us to exist; loved by Him even before we were born, we were
taken into His marvelous light. Now we live and we forget. When was the last
time I thought about it? But I do not forget so many little things and
affairs that transform my whole life into empty noise, into a kind of
traveling without knowing where.
Lent returns to me, gives back to me, this essential – the essential layer
of life. Essential because it is coming from God; essential because it is
revealing God. The essential time, because time again is a great, great area
of sin. Because time is the time of what? Of priorities. And how often our
priorities are not at all as they should be. Yet in Lent, waiting,
listening, singing ... you will see, little by little that time – broken,
deviated, taking us to death and nowhere else, without any meaning. You will
see that time again becomes expectation, becomes something precious. You
wouldn’t take one minute of it away from its purpose of pleasing God, of
accepting from Him Hislife and returning that life to Him together with our
gratitude, our wisdom, our joy, our fulfillment.
After this essential time comes the essential relationship that we have with
everything in the world, a relationship which is expressed so well in our
liturgical texts by the word reverence. So often, everything becomes for us
an object of "utilizing," something which is "for grabs," something which
"belongs" to me and to which I have a "right." Everything should be as
Communion in my hands. This is the reverence of which I speak. It is the
discovery that God, as Pasternak once said, was "...a great God of details,"
and that nothing in this world is outside of that divine reverence. God is
reverent, but we so often are not.
So, we have the essential time, the essential relationship with matter
filled with reverence, and last, but not least, the rediscovery of the
essential link among ourselves: the rediscovery that we belong to each
other, the rediscovery, that no one has entered my life or your life without
the will of God. And with that rediscovery, there is everywhere an appeal,
an offering to do something for God: to help, to comfort, to transform, to
take with you, with each one of you, that brother and sister of Christ. This
is that essential relationship.
Essential time, essential matter, essential thought: all that is so
different from what the world offers us. In the world everything is
accidental. If you don’t know how to "kill" time, our society is absolutely
ingenious in helping you to do that. We kill time, we kill reverence, we
transform communications, relationships, words, divine words into jokes and
blasphemies, and sometimes just pure nonsense. There is this thirst and
hunger for nothing, but external success.
Don’t we understand, don’t we understand, brothers and sisters what power is
given to us in the form of Lent. Lenten Spring! Lenten beginning! Lenten
resurrection! And all this is given to us free. Come, listen to that prayer.
Make it yours! Don’t even try to think on your own; just join, just enter
and rejoice! And that joy will start killing those old and painful and
boring sins... And with that you will have that great joy which the angels
heard, which the disciples experienced when they returned to Jerusalem after
Christ’s Ascension. It is that joy which was left with them that we nobly
adopted. It is first of all the joy of knowing, the joy of having something
in me which, whether I want it or not, will start transforming life in me
and around me.
This last essential is the essential return to each other: this is where we
begin tonight. This is what we are doing right now. For if we would think of
the real sins we have committed, we would say that one of the most important
is exactly the style and tonality which we maintain with each other: our
complaining and criticizing. I don’t think that there are cases of great and
destructive hatred or assassination, or something similar. It is just that
we exist as if we are completely out of each other’s life, out of each other
’s interests, out of each other’s love. Without having repaired this
relationship, there is no possibility of entering into Lent. Sin – whether
we call it "original" sin or "primordial" sin – has broken the unity of life
in this world, it has broken time, and time has become that fragmented
current which takes us into old age and death. It has broken our social
relations, it has broken families. Everything is diabolos – divided and
destroyed. But Christ has come into the world and said: "... and I, when I
am lifted up from the earth, will draw all men to Myself" (Jn. 12:32).
It is impossible to go to Christ without taking with me the essential. It is
not the abandonment of everything as we go to Christ; it is finding in Him
the power of that resurrection: of unity, of love, of trust, of joy, of all
that which, even if it occupies some place in our life, is at the same time
so minuscule. It is tragic to think that from churches, from seminaries,
what comes to heaven are complaints ... being tired, always something not
going right... You know, sitting in my office from time to time, I am
admiring people for inventing new "tragedies" every half hour.
But we are Christ’s and Christ is God’s. And if we had – because we know –
just a little bit of that which would bring us together, we would replace
all my little offenses with even a little amount of that joy. That is the
forgiveness we want and ask God to give us. Because if there is a strict
commandment in the Gospel, it is that commandment: "if you forgive ... your
heavenly Father also will forgive you; but if you do not forgive ... neither
will your Father forgive ... " (Mt. 6:14-15). So, of course it is a
necessity. But the NOW of that, I repeat it once more, is to be horrified by
the fragmentation of our own existence, by the pettiness in our
relationships, by the destruction of words, and by the abandoning of this
Now we have to forgive each other whether or not we have any explicit sins
or crimes against each other. That reconciliation is another epiphany of the
Church as the Kingdom of God. We are saved because we are in the Body of
Christ. We are saved because we accept from Christ the world and the
essential order. And finally, we accept Christ when we accept each other.
Everything else is a lie and hypocrisy.
So, fathers, brothers, sisters: let us forgive one another. Let us not think
about why. There is enough to think about. Let us do it. Right now, in a
kind of deep breath, say: "Lord, help us to forgive. Lord, renew all these
relationships." What a chance is given here for love to triumph! – for unity
to reflect the Divine unity, and for everything essential to return as life
itself. What a chance! Is the answer we give today yes or no? Are we going
to that forgiveness? Are we gladly accepting it? Or is it something which we
do just because it is on the calendar – today, you follow, forgiveness;
tomorrow, let’s do...? No! this is the crucial moment. This is the beginning
of Lent. This is our spring "repair" because reconciliation is the powerful
renewal of the ruin.
So, please, for the sake of Christ: let us forgive each other. The first
thing I am asking all of you, my spiritual family, is to forgive me. Imagine
how many temptations of laziness, of avoiding too much, and so on and so
forth. What a constant defense of my own interests, health, or this or
that... I know that I don’t even have an ounce of this self-giving,
self-sacrifice which is truly a true repentance, the true renewal of love.
Please forgive me and pray for me, so that what I am preaching I could first
of all somehow, be it only a little bit, integrate and incarnate in my life.
Father Alexander Schmemann
Delivered on Forgiveness Sunday, March 20, 1983, at St. Vladimir’s Orthodox
Theological Seminary Chapel, before the Rite of Forgiveness. Transcribed
from tape recording and edited. Published with the approval of Juliana
Schmemann in the St. Vladimir’s Theological Foundation Newsletter.